Federal Reserve Jerome Powell testifies during a Senate Banking Committee hearing on the Quarterly CARES Act Report to Congress on Capitol Hill in Washington, United States, on Dec. 1, 2020.
Susan Walsh | Reuters
Federal Reserve officials are likely to paint a robust picture of the economy next week while not even pointing out any impending policy changes.
Investors increasingly trust central bankers when they say that even if the economy has been running at its hottest pace in nearly 40 years, they will not be taking away political housing until it is clear the recovery is on solid foundations.
“The economic outlook is pretty good as long as the Fed stays on the pedal,” said Randy Frederick, vice president of trade and derivatives at Charles Schwab. “The market has finally accepted that they will.”
The Fed has kept short-term lending rates near zero since the Covid-19 pandemic began and has continued to buy at least $ 120 billion worth of bonds every month. The asset purchase has increased the central bank’s balance sheet to nearly $ 8 trillion, roughly double its level since the crisis began.
However, financial markets were suspicious that the Fed could come under pressure to wind down the accelerator, with economic data strengthening day by day and increasing inflationary pressures.
“They provide liquidity that will fuel economic recovery,” said Frederick. “The challenge is that they have decided to retire on it.”
It is unlikely that any indication of when that date will come when the Federal Open Market Committee, the central bank’s monetary policy arm, concludes its two-day meeting on Wednesday.
Instead, the public is likely to receive a statement that “makes the economic outlook more optimistic” and “may turn out to be the most positive the Fed has issued in a while,” wrote Andrew Hunter, senior US economist at Capital Economics.
Like many others on Wall Street, Hunter evaluates Fed Chairman Jerome Powell and his cohorts to improve their view of the economy, but emphasizes that it is still a long way from the “substantial further progress” benchmark set by the FOMC stated in its recent statements after the meeting.
Powell recently caught the market’s attention when he told the CBS “60 Minutes” program that the economy had reached a “turning point” in recovery. However, he continued to emphasize the progress that the labor market needs to make to achieve full employment that is inclusive across income, race and gender groups.
Similarly, at his post-meeting press conference, the Fed chair may want to be at least a little cautious about future policy areas, particularly as regards potential interest rate hikes and declines in the pace of asset purchases.
“Powell said he was going to be tapered. I think he will hold his cards close to his waistcoat and wait until the last minute he can wait,” said Tom Graff, head of fixed income at Brown Advisory. “I doubt the Telegraph will come this month, and besides, I think the Telegraph will come suddenly.”
There is an informal consensus on Wall Street that Powell will likely talk about a rejuvenation starting this summer, with expectations of a slight decline in bond purchases by the end of the year.
“They’re going to want to taper off for a while before hiking, and they’re going to want to add a little flexibility,” Graff said.
One possible rejuvenation plan
Goldman Sachs economist David Mericle said he was seeing “evidence of rejuvenation” sometime in the second half of the year, kicked off in early 2022. He estimates the initial reduction will be $ 15 billion per session compared at the $ 10 billion per session monthly pace the Fed used during its 2014 cutback. The Fed meets eight times a year so the totals would be equivalent.
However, these details are not yet expected.
“Despite the recent acceleration, we think it is clearly too early for the FOMC to give any indication of taper,” Mericle wrote in a report for clients. “Although Chairman Powell recently began to refer to the economy as a turning point, we don’t think he meant this as a signal for politics.”
If the Fed decides to rejuvenate this year, it could start a rate hike as early as the end of 2022, according to Citigroup economist Andrew Hollenhorst.
“At the FOMC in April, we expect some changes to the statement that indicate stronger data recently, but no new formal guidelines for the taper. This could be due to heavy pressure on orders for April and / or May, both of which will be pre-released subsequent meeting, “wrote Hollenhorst.
Traders in the federal funds futures market actually see a tiny 2.8% chance of a rate hike at next week’s session, according to the CME’s FedWatch tool. The outlook rises slightly over the course of the year, with a 10.5% probability priced in by the end of the year.
Looking ahead, the market expects a fund interest rate of 0.23% or 16 basis points above the current level of 0.07% by the end of 2022. This implies a strong chance of a rate hike. The end of 2023 indicates a key interest rate of 0.42%, which corresponds to a further increase of a quarter of a percentage point.
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